Aviation in 1957
Three Boeing B52 Stratofortresses make the world's first
round the world, non-stop flight by turbojet-powered
aircraft. The flight is completed in 45 hours 19 minutes,
with an average speed of 859kph (534mph).
The Bell X14 makes its first hovering flight.
A United States Navy (USN) ZPG2 airship establishes a new
unrefuelled endurance record of 264 hours 12 minutes.
The United States announces that the Ryan X13 Vertical
Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft has completed a full
The Canadian airline Nordair begins scheduled operations.
United States Air Force (USAF) discloses the development of
the Hughes Falcon air-to-air guided missile armed with a
The North American Distance Early Warning (DEW) line early
warning system is reported as fully operational.
Major David G. Simons of the United States Air Force (USAF),
sets a balloon world altitude record of 30,942 metres
(101,516 feet), ascending from Crosby, Minnesota.
A new world altitude record of 21,430 metres (70,308 feet) is
set by M. Randrup flying an English Electric Canberra.
The Soviet Union puts the world's first artificial satellite,
named Sputnik 1 (Fellow Traveller), into Earth orbit.
The United States Air Force (USAF) achieves its first
successful experiment to boost a man-made object to a
velocity at which it can escape the Earth's gravitational
pull. A special Aerobee rocket accomplishes this.
Sputnik 2 is
launched, carrying the dog Laika.
Major Adrian Drew sets a new world speed record of 1,943kph
(1,207mph), flying a McDonnell F101A Voodoo.