Aviation in 1953
The German airline Luftag is formed.
United States Navy (USN) begins operational flight tests from
the first angled-deck aircraft carrier, the USS Antietam.
Eight Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jets are shot down during air
fighting over North Korea.
Four Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jet fighters are shot down during
air fighting over North Korea.
Wonsan in North Korea is bombed by American carrier-borne
Two Republic F84 Thunderjets flown by Japanese Defence Force
pilots intercept two Russian piston-engined fighters over
United States aircraft make heavy attacks on Communist forces
in North Korea.
A Polish Air Force pilot lands a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jet
and seeks political asylum on the Danish island of Bornholm.
Two Czechoslovakian Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jets attack two
United States Air Force (USAF) Republic F84 Thunderjets near
Six Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jet fighters are shot down during
air fighting over North Korea.
A Dakota of the Czechoslovakian State airline, on a flight
from Prague to Brno, is seized and landed in the United
States zone of Germany. The people responsible and two others
seek political asylum.
The Royal Netherlands Air Force is established as an
A civil aviation agreement is signed between Denmark and
A Polish pilot who landed on Bornholm Island leaves Britain
for the United States.
India's air transport
companies are nationalised, with the formation of Air India
International Ltd for long distance flights and Indian Air
Lines for internal routes and services to nearby countries.
Central British Columbia Airways adopts the name Pacific
American airwoman Jacqueline Cochran becomes the first woman
to fly faster than the speed of sound, piloting a Canadian
built version of the North American F86E Sabre at a speed of
Mach 1.01 (652mph).
Another Polish pilot lands a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jet on
Twelve Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG15 jet fighters are shot down over
Communist aircraft bomb Seoul.
A Chinese offensive in Korea.
Communist aircraft bomb Kimpo and Inchon near Seoul.
The world's first air disaster involving more than 100 deaths
occurs when a United States Air Force C124 Globemaster II
crashes after take-off in Japan.
Civil air traffic control in West Germany is handed over to
the Federal German Government.
A Sikorsky S55 makes the first international helicopter
flight into central London.
Lieutenant Colonel W.F. Barnes of the United States Air Force
(USAF), flying a North American F86D Sabre, sets the world's
first speed record over 700mph. The record of 1,151kph
(715mph) is ratified by the FI.
The Korean war ends.
Flight Lieutenant Bentleigh of the Royal Australian Air Force
(RAAF) breaks the sound barrier for the first time over
Australia, flying the first Australian built Sabre fighter.
The Martin licence-built B57 Canberra completes its final
tests before entering service with the United States Air
Following successful tests, the United States Air Force (USAF)
announces that the Convair B36 bomber in a GRB-36F
configuration is able to launch and retrieve Republic GRF-84F
Thunderflash reconnaissance aircraft from an under-fuselage
trapeze. Twelve of these bombers are converted, enabling them
to launch and control missiles in support of development
An altitude of 83,235 feet is achieved by Lieutenant Colonel
Marion E. Carl of the United States Marine Corps (USMC),
flying a Douglas D558-2 Skyrocket research aircraft and
launching from a Boeing B29 Superfortress at 34,000 feet.
Belgian airline Sabena inaugurates the first scheduled
international helicopter services from Brussels linking with
Maastrcht, Rotterdam and Lille.
A world record speed of 690mph over a 100 kilometre closed
course is set by Brigadier General J. Stanley Holtoner of the
United States Air Force (USAF), flying a North American F86D
Sabre fighter at Ohio.
The National Aircraft Exhibition is held at Dayton in Ohio.
The United States Air Force (USAF) announces that the
Sidewinder air-to-air missile (AAM) has made its first
completely successful interception, destroying a Grumman F6F
Three defence agreements are signed by the United States and
A defence treaty is signed by the United States and South
Lieutenant Commander J.B. Vardin sets a new world speed
record, flying a Douglas F4D1 Skyray, averaging 1,211kph
(752mph) in four runs over a 3 kilometre course.
A de Havilland Comet IA of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)
flies non-stop from Goose Bay in Labrador to London covering
the 2,460 miles in 5 hours 56 minutes.
The United States signs an agreement in Athens allowing their
armed forces to use Greek air and naval bases.
A world speed record of 728mph over a 100 kilometre closed
course is set by Robert O. Rahn flying a Douglas XF4D Skyray.
A world record of 754mph over a 15 kilometre course is set by
Lieutenant Colonel F.K. Everest flying a North American F100
Super Sabre fighter.
A speed of 1,327mph is achieved by Scott Crossfield in a
Douglas D558-2 Skyrocket aircraft, dropped from a Boeing B29
Superfortress at 32,000 feet.
The Douglas DC7 enters scheduled airline service with
Captain Charles Yeager flies the air-launched Bell X1A
rocket-powered high-speed research aircraft at Mach 2.44 or
2,655kph (1,650mph) at an altitude of 21,340 metres (70,000