Aviation in 1965
Brazil's naval air arm is re-established as an independent
service. It had been absorbed by the air force in 1941.
A Sikorsky SH3A Sea King makes the first non-stop helicopter
flight across North America. Taking off from the carrier USS
Hornet at San Diego in California, it lands on the carrier
USS Franklin D. Roosevelt at Jacksonville in Florida. The
distance travelled is 3,405 kilometres (2,116 miles) and a
new international straight-line distance record for
helicopters is established.
Voskhod II is launched by the Soviet Union with Pavel
Belyayev and Lieutenant Colonel Alexei Leonov on board.
Leonov makes first 'space walk', tethered to the spacecraft
while floating in space for 12 minutes 9 seconds.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA)
Gemini 3 spacecraft carries the first American multiple crew
into earth orbit. Virgil Grissom and John Young undertake the
4 hour 53 minute mission.
The Hughes Early Bird I communications satellite is launched
into geo-stationary earth orbit. It becomes operational on 28
June and is the world's first commercial satellite for public
Colonel R.L. Stevens, flying a Lockheed YF12A establishes a
new world speed record of 3,331kph (2,070mph).
The Americans launch Gemini 4 with James McDivitt and Edward
White onboard. During the mission, White makes a 21 minute
India and Pakistan enter into hostilities and extensive use
of air power is made during the fighting.
The first hot air balloon record is homologated by the
Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. B. Bogan of the
United States reaches an altitude of 2,978 metres (9,780
The first circumnavigation of the world, over-flying both
poles, is made by a Flying Tiger Line Boeing 707.
The French use a Diamant launch vehicle to send Asterix 1 a
test satellite into space. France becomes the first nation
after the Americans and Russians to develop and orbit a
satellite by their own efforts.