Aviation in 1939
The German Air Ministry circulates a top secret paper,
'Preliminary technical guidelines for high-speed fighters
with turbojet propulsion'.
Barcelona, the Republican capital, is captured by Spanish
first Pan American World Airways Boeing 314 flying boat is
named 'Yankee Clipper' by Mrs Franklin D. Roosevelt at a
ceremony in Washington DC.
Hitler announces that Czechoslovakia has become a German
Protectorate and its occupation begins the following day.
Madrid and Valencia surrender to General Franco's Nationalist
Piloted by Flugkapitän Hans Dieterle, Heinkel He100V-8
establishes new world speed record of 746kph (463mph) at
The Spanish Civil War ends.
Italy occupies Albania.
Flugkapitän Fritz Wendel, flying Messerschmitt Me209V1,
establishes a new world top speed record of 755kph (469mph).
This record will not be broken for 30 years.
The first large scale air battle between Soviet and Japanese
aircraft occurs in Outer Mongolia near Khalkin Gol.
A German/Danish non-aggression pact is signed in Berlin.
Germany signs non-aggression pacts with Latvia and Estonia.
The first flight of the Heinkel He176 is piloted by
Flugkapitän Erich Warsitz at Peenemünde in Germany. This is
the first flight of a manned, specifically designed
Germany and Italy undertake discussions which will lead to
"the closest co-operation between German and Italian Air
The first operational use of Soviet 82mm RS82 air-to-ground
rockets takes place near Khalkin Gol in Outer Mongolia.
A plane of Deutche Lufthansa flies from Berlin to Bangkok in
Siam, inaugurating a regular service operated by Focke Wulf
A non-aggression pact is signed between Germany and Soviet
Union in Moscow.
The Heinkel He178 makes the first flight of a turbojet
powered aircraft. Flug Kapitan Erich Warsitz pilots the
aircraft from the factory airfield at Rostock-Marienche in
A Pan American World Airways flying boat, 'California
Clipper' lands at Auckland in New Zealand after a flight from
San Francisco. This is intended to be the start of a
Germany invades Poland. Although Hitler states, "I will not
war against women and children. I have ordered my air force
to restrict itself to attacks on military objectives." Early
bombing attacks are made on Polish cities, including Warsaw.
Eire declares its neutrality.
European air services are temporarily suspended.
Poland capitulates with Germany and the Soviet Union
partition the country.
The United States lifts an arms export embargo, allowing the
Cash and Carry delivery of weapons. As the Royal Navy has
blockaded German ports only the Allies can benefit from this
Soviet Union invades Finland and Soviet planes bomb Helsinki
and other Finnish towns.
General H.H. Arnold, Chief of the United States Army Air
Corps (USAAC), has his project for a four-engined bomber with
a 2,000 mile radius of action approved. This will lead to the
production of the Boeing B29 Superfortress.
Germany's Lufthansa and Russia's Aeroflot agree to resume air
services in 1940 between the two capitals.