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Avro Lancastrian

AVRO 691 LANCASTRIAN - Following development of the Lancaster XPP for TCA, six more Lancaster Mk Xs were more extensively converted with elongated nose and tail cones, 3'/2-ton (3 560-kg) mail capacity, windows in the rear fuselage and ten passenger seats. Operated by TCA on North Atlantic route, 1944/45, and known as Lancastrians.

Avro Lancastrian C Mk I: Basic Lancaster I airframe adapted for transport duties to Specification 16/44, similar to Victory Aircraft conversion in Canada. Nine passengers, plus freight and mail. 1,635 hp Merlin T.24/2 engines. Twenty-three built, 1944/45, on RAF contract and transferred to BOAC for operation on UK-Australia route, commencing May 31, 1945. Subsequent marks built post-war.

Role Passenger & mail transport
Crew 5
Passengers 9
First flight 1943
Entered service  
Manufacturer A. V. Roe


Length 76 ft 10 in 23.4 m
Wingspan 102 ft 0 in 31.1 m
Height 19 ft 6 in 5.9 m
Wing area 1,297 ft² 120.5 m²


Empty 30,426 lb 13,800 kg
Loaded 65,000 lb 29,480 kg
Maximum takeoff lb kg


Engine 4 × Rolls-Royce Merlin 24
Power (each) 1,250 hp 930 kW


Maximum speed 310 mph @ 5,000 ft 500 km/h @ 1,520 m
Combat range 4,150 miles 6,680 km
Ferry range km miles
Service ceiling 23,000 ft 7,000 m
Rate of climb 750 ft/min 230 m/min