The Airbus A310 is a
medium- to long-range widebody airliner developed from the Airbus A300
and manufactured by Airbus Industrie.
Perhaps the greatest attribute of the A310 is that of range. The
A310-300's range exceeds all A300 models and the -200 exceeds all A300
models in range except the A300-600. This quality has led to the
aircraft being used extensively on transatlantic routes. The A300 and
A310 introduced the concept of commonality which has become one of the
Airbus family's greatest marketing points - A300-600 and A310 pilots
can qualify for the other aircraft with only one day of training.
The aircraft was formally launched in July 1978 for Lufthansa and
Swissair. A further development of the A300, the aircraft was initially
designated the A300 B10. Essentially a "baby" A300, the main
differences in the two aircraft are
Shortened fuselage - same cross section, providing capacity of about
Redesigned wing - designed by British Aerospace who rejoined Airbus
Smaller vertical fin
Biman Airbus A310-300The A310 is marketed as an excellent introduction
to widebody operations for developing airlines. With the Airbus A330
now a major success, further orders for the A310 are unlikely. Between
1983 and 1997 255 A310s were delivered by Airbus. The A300 and A310
established Airbus as a major competitor to Boeing and allowed it to go
ahead with the more ambitious A330/A340 family.
The first A310 was the 162nd Airbus off the production line, the
aircraft made its maiden flight in April 1982 powered by Pratt &
Whitney JT9Ds. The -200 entered service with Swissair and Lufthansa a
First flown in July 1985, the -300 has an increased MTOW and an
increase in range, provided by additional centre and horizontal
stabilizer (trim-tank) fuel tanks. This model also introduced winglets
to improve aerodynamic efficiency - since retrofitted to some -200s.
The aircraft entered service in 1986, again with Swissair.
The convertible model can be produced from either model, taking the
designations A310-200C and -300C.
No production freighters were produced, operators (e.g. FedEx) instead
adapting ex-airline A310s.
The A310 has long been operated by many of the world's air forces as a
pure transport, however some are now being converted to the Multi Role
Tanker Transport configuration by EADS, providing an aerial refuelling
capability. Six have been ordered; four by the German Luftwaffe and two
by the Canadian Forces. Deliveries began in 2004. Three are being
converted at EADS' Elbe Flugzeugwerke (EFW) in Dresden, Germany; the
other three at Lufthansa Technik in Hamburg, Germany.
Hull-loss Accidents: 6 with a total of 518 fatalities
Hijackings: 10 with a total of 5 fatalities
Other Incidents: Rudder partially fell off a Air Transat flight
Capacity: 220 (2 class) or 280 (1 class)
Length: 46.66 m (153 ft)
Wingspan: 43.9 m (144 ft)
Height: 15.8 m (51 ft)
Wing area: 219 m² (2360 ft²)
Empty: 80,800 kg ( lb)
Loaded: kg ( lb)
Maximum takeoff: 164,000 kg ( lb)
Powerplant: Two Pratt & Whitney PW4152 or General Electric
CF6-80 turbofans, 262 kN (59,000 lbf) thrust
Maximum speed: 897 km/h ( mph)
Range: 9,600 km (5,200 miles)
Service ceiling: 41,000 m (12,500 ft)
Rate of climb: m/min ( ft/min)
Wing loading: kg/m² ( lb/ft²)