The first pilot's licences are issued by the Aéro Club de
France. A list of 16 licence holders was published in
alphabetical order; unfortunately it missed out Charles Voisin
(the first man to fly in France) and included some people who
had never flown at all!
Igor Sikorsky begins work on a second helicopter.
Captain G.W.P. Dawes and J.V. Neale both crash when making the
first aeroplane flights in Egypt in their Blériot monoplanes.
Colin Defries makes the first aeroplane flight in Australia,
flying a Wright biplane at Sydney.
Hubert Latham makes the first flight to an altitude over 1,000
metres (2,281 feet) at Chalons in France when he flies an
Antoinette VII to 3,280 feet.
The first United States aeroplane meeting is held at the
Dominquez Field in Los Angeles and organised by the Aero Club
Lieutenant Paul Beck drops sandbag "bombs" over Los Angeles
from an aeroplane piloted by Louis Paulhan.
Hugo Junkers patents an aeroplane with a cantilevered wing.
Mademoiselle Elise Deroche, better known under her self awarded
title 'la Baronne de Laroche', becomes the world's first
qualified female pilot and the 36th French pilot, when she is
awarded her brevet.
Frenchman Emil Aubrun makes the world's first night flights in
a Blériot monoplane at Villalugano in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
William W. Gibson, of British Colombia, finishes work on the
engine for the Gibson Twin-plane.
The first aeroplane flight in Switzerland is made by Captain
Engelhardt in a Wright A biplane from an ice covered lake at St
Gaspard-Felix Tournachon, alias Nadar, the photographer and
balloonist, dies. He had taken the first aerial (balloon)
photographs in 1863.
Plans for Aeropolis, an aerodrome at Le Bourget in France, are
Frenchman Henri Fabre makes the world's first take-off from
water at La Mede harbour near Marseilles. in the 'Hydravion', a
The French Army forms a 'Service Aéronautique'.
Two Japanese army officers, Captain Tokugawa and Humazo Hino,
are sent to France and Germany respectively to learn to fly.
Alberto Santos-Dumont retires from flying, suffering from
The Antoinette Company builds a simulator at Mourmelon air
school for pilots to practice the controls of an Antoinette
International talks open in Paris to form a legal basis for
flight between countries.
Frenchman Jacques de Lesseps wins 12,500 francs for a 37 minute
flight from Calais and the £100 Daily Mail cup for the second
English Channel flight.
Prince Charles of Romania becomes the first royal aeroplane
passenger, in a Farman piloted by M. Osmontat at Bucharest.
The Wright brothers fly together for the first time at Dayton
Italian Ugo Tabachi pilots the first trial flight of the
Caproni Ca1 monoplane, built by Gianni Caproni.
Robert Martinet wins the first cross-country air race between
Angers and Saumur in France, a distance of 27 miles, in a
The first aircraft reconnaissance is made by Captain Marconnet
and Lieutenant Fequant of the French Army. They used a single
seat Henri Farman biplane on a 2½ hour, 145 kilometre flight
from Camp de Châlons at Mourmelon to Vincennes. Fequart piloted
the aircraft while Marconnet, armed with a hand held camera,
squeezed into a narrow space between the seat and the engine.
During the flight, photographs were taken of roads, railways,
towns and the countryside.
The French Army obtain a Wright biplane.
Charles Hamilton wins the New York Times' $10,000 prize for a
return flight between New York and Philadelphia.
The Vlaicu I parasol monoplane makes it's first flight in
'Deutschland' begins passenger services in Germany.
American Glenn Hammond Curtiss drops dummy bombs on the shape
of a battleship marked out on Lake Keuka.
The Belgian war ministry establishes a flying corps.
The first flight at an altitude of over a mile is made by
Walter Brookins, flying at 1,900 metres (6,234 feet) in a
Wright biplane in Indianapolis, USA.
A German Erbslon non-rigid airship explodes near Opladen,
killing five people.
The Wright brothers begin experimenting with wheeled landing
German August Euler patents a machine-gun armament arrangement
for an aeroplane.
Harry Ferguson pilots the first passenger flight to be flown in
The first aircraft tricycle landing-gear is installed, on a
United States Army Wright biplane.
Franco American John B. Mosiant's mechanic becomes the first
passenger to fly across the English Channel, in a Blériot
Lieutenant Jacob Earl Fickel of the United States Army, fires
the first shots from an aeroplane at Sheepshead Bay in New York
State. He fires a Springfield rifle at a target from the
passenger seat of a Curtiss biplane.
The first aircraft radio is used in an aeroplane which flew
over the race track at Sheepshead Bay in New York. The aircraft
was piloted by a Canadian, J.A.D. McCurdy, who transmitted the
following message, which was received by a ground station
operated by H.M. Horton. "Another chapter in aerial achievement
is hereby written in the receiving of this first message ever
recorded from an aeroplane in flight".
Swiss Armand Dufaux flies the length of Lake Geneva, a distance
of 41 miles, in his tractor biplane. He takes 56 minutes to win
the 5,000 Swiss franc prize.
Blanche Scott becomes the first American female pilot to fly
solo, at Lake Keuka in Hammondsport, New York State.
John Moisant wins the Daily Mail £50 prize for a flight from
Paris to London.
The first recorded aerial collision occurs when two brothers
named Warchalovski crash in Austria.
Zeppelin LZ6 is destroyed by fire at Boden-Oos.
The French Army use nine aeroplanes in manoeuvres as Henry
Farman sets up an army flying school.
Peruvian Georges Chavez flies over the Alps, from Brig to
Domodossola, in a Blériot monoplane but is killed when he
Roger Sommer flies in his unique twin-engined biplane.
Romanian Henri Coanda exhibits a propellerless biplane. It
The first fighter aircraft, a Voisin biplane fitted with a
machine gun, is exhibited at the Paris Aero Show.
The first officially recorded mid-air collision between two
aeroplanes occurs in Milan. An Antoinette piloted by Rene
Thomas strikes a Henry Farman biplane piloted by Englishman
Captain Bertram Dickson. Both pilots survived.
American Walter Wellman attempts to fly across the North
Atlantic in his airship 'America'. The flight fails and the
crew is rescued at sea.
Ex-President Teddy Roosevelt becomes the first United States
president to fly when he is taken up at St Louis.
The Aéronautique Militaire is formed from the French Service
The Infante Don Alfonso of Orleans and Bourbon becomes the
first royal pilot. A cousin of King Alfonso of Spain, he learnt
to fly on an Antoinette monoplane at Mourmelon in France. He
was a lieutenant in the Spanish Army at the time.
A Lebaudy airship purchased by the British government flies a
230 mile flight from Aldershot to Moisson in France.
Monsieur Tabuteau performs a closed circuit record of 465
kilometres(289 miles) in a Maurice Farman biplane, ending the
supremacy of the Wright biplanes.
The world's first freight-carrying flight occurs when Philip O.
Palmalee pilots a Wright Model B biplane, transporting silk
from Dayton to Columbus in Ohio, for the Morehouse-Martens
pilot Eugène Ely makes the first take-off from a ship, using a
temporary flight deck on the cruiser USS Birmingham. The ship
was at anchor in Chesapeake Bay. The pilot flew his Curtiss
Hudson Flier biplane 2½ miles to Willoughby Spit near Norfolk
in Virginia to land.
Octave Chanute dies aged 78, having played an important role in
the advancement of aviation.
In India, the British Army is impressed by a demonstration of
three biplanes by the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company.
Gaston Cugnet crashes his Blériot monoplane while demonstrating
it at Melbourne Cricket Ground.
Romanian Henri Coanda makes a brief flight in the world's first
jet-powered aeroplane. It is powered by a 37kW (50 horse-power)
Clerget piston engine driving a centrifugal air compressor.
John Moisant is killed when his aeroplane crashes at New
Also this year...
The following air services are established:
- Imperial Russian Flying Corps
- Russian Naval Aviation School
- Romanian Flying Corps
The Golub (Pidgeon), the first
Russian-designed non-rigid airship, enters service with the
Russian Army at Lida.
The first German pilot's
licence is issued to August Euler.
The first model aircraft kits
are manufactured by the American Aeroplane Manufacturing
Company in New York.